Martin John Rees

Martin John Rees


Date of Birth
June 23, 1942

Martin Rees earned his degrees in mathematics and astronomy at the University of Cambridge, where he is currently emeritus professor of cosmology and astrophysics. He served as Master of Trinity College from 2004 to 2012. Director of the Institute of Astronomy at Cambridge for ten years, he has also been a professor at Sussex University and a Royal Society research professor. He has been Britain’s Astronomer Royal since 1995. He has modeled quasars and has made important contributions to the theories of galaxy formation, galaxy clustering, and the origin of the cosmic background radiation. His early study of the distribution of quasars helped discredit the steady state cosmological theory. He was one of the first to propose that enormous black holes power the quasars. He has investigated the anthropic principle, the idea that we find the universe the way it is because if it were much different we would not be here to examine it, and the question of whether ours is one of a multitude of “universes.” He has written many books, most of them for the public. In his later years he has spoken and written on public issues related to science and human survival.

Personal Web Page

At the University of Cambridge

Presentation of Bruce medal

Mercury 22, 4, 122 (1993).

Other awards

American Astronomical Society, Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, 2004.
American Astronomical Society, High-Energy Astrophysics Division, Rossi Prize, 2000.
American Institute of Physics & American Astronomical Society, Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, 1984.
Astronomische Gesellschaft, Karl Schwarzschild Medal, 1989.
Peter Gruber Foundation, Gruber Cosmology Prize, 2001.
Indian National Science Academy, Vainu Bappu Memorial Award, 1986.
International Balzan Foundation, Balzan Prize, 1989.
Franklin Institute, Bower Award, 2009.
National Science Foundation, National Medal of Science, 2012
National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Jansky Lectureship, 1981.
Royal Astronomical Society, Gold medal, 1987, presented by R.D. Davies, QJRAS 28, 185 (1987).
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Crafoord Prize, 2005
Royal Society, Michael Faraday Prize, 2004.
UNESCO, Niels Bohr Medal, 2005
World Cultural Council, Albert Einstein World Award of Science, 2003.

Some offices held

British Association for the Advancement of Science, President, 1995-96.
Royal Astronomical Society, President, 1992-94.
Royal Society, President, 2005–10.
United Kingdom, Astronomer Royal, 1995–

Biographical materials

BBC News, Sir Martin Rees: Prophet of doom?
Rees, Martin, “Cosmology and High-Energy Astrophysics: A 50-Year Perspective on Personalities, Progress, and Prospects,” Ann. Revs. Astron. Astrophys. 60, 1-30 (2022).
Straus, Michael A. & Michael S. Vogeley, Citation and biographical statement on award of the Gruber prize.

Academic genealogy



Cambridge University
AIP Center for History of Physics
Max Tegmark's photo album

Named after him

Minor Planet #4587 Rees


Other References: Historical

Thorne, Kip S., Black Holes & Time Warps (W.W. Norton, NY, 1994).

Search ADS for works about Rees

Other References: Scientific

Complete list on Prof. Rees’s website

Rees, M.J. & D.W. Sciama, “The Kinetic Temperature and Ionization Level of Intergalactic Hydrogen in a Steady-State Universe,” Ap.J. 145, 6 (1965).

Rees, M.J. & D.W. Sciama, “A Model of the Quasi-stellar Radio Variable CTA 102,” Nature 207, 738-40 (1965).

Rees, M.J. & D.W. Sciama, “Structure of the Quasi-Stellar Radio Source 3C 273B,” Nature 208, 371-74 (1965).

Rees, M.J. & D.W. Sciama, “The Kinetic Temperature and Ionization Level of Intergalactic Hydrogen in a Steady-State Universe,” Ap.J. 145, 6-20 (1966).

Rees, M.J. “The Appearance of Relativistically Expanding Radio Sources,” Nature 211, 468-70 (1966).

Sciama, D.W. & M.J. Rees, “Cosmological Significance of the Relation between Redshift and Flux Density for Quasars,” Nature 211, 1283 (1966).

Rees, M.J., “Studies in Radio Source Structure: I. A Relativistically Expanding Model for Variable Quasi-stellar Radio Sources,” MNRAS 135, 345-60 (1967).

Rees, M.J., “Studies in Radio Source Structure: II. The Relaxation of Relativistic Electron Spectra in Self-absorbed Radio Sources,” MNRAS 136, 279-91 (1967).

Rees, M.J., “Studies in Radio Source Structure: III. Inverse Compton Radiation from Radio Sources,” MNRAS 137, 429-44 (1967).

Rees, M.J. & D.W. Sciama, “Possible Circular Polarization of Compact Quasars,” Nature 216, 147 (1967).

Rees, M.J., D.W. Sciama, & G. Setti, “Extragalactic Soft X-ray Astronomy,” Nature 217, 326-29 (1968).

Rees, M.J. & D.W. Sciama, “Large scale Density Inhomogeneities in the Universe,” Nature 217, 511-516 (1968).

Rees, M.J., “Proton Synchrotron Emission from Compact Radio Sources,” Astrophysical Letters 2 1 (1968).

Rees, M.J. & M. Simon, “Evidence for Relativistic Expansion in Variable Radio Sources,” Ap.J. 152, L145-L148 (1968).

Rees, M.J., “ Polarization and Spectrum of the Primeval Radiation in an Anisotropic Universe,” Ap.J. 153, L1-L5 (1968).

Rees, M.J., “Model for the Evolution of Extended Radio Sources,” Nature 219, 127-31 (1968).

Felten, James E. & Martin J. Rees, “Cosmological Implications of the Diffuse X-Ray Background,” Nature 221, 924-26 (1969).

Rees, M.J., J.I. Silk, M.W. Werner, & N.C. Wickramasinghe, “Infrared Radiation from Dust in Seyfert Galaxies,” Nature 223, 788-91 (1969).

Rees, Martin J., “The Collapse of the Universe: An Eschatological Study,” Observatory 89, 193-98 (1969).

Rees, M.J. “On Multiple Absorption Redshifts in Quasi-Stellar Objects,” Ap.J. 160, L29-L32 (1970).

Werner, Michael W., Joseph Silk, & Martin J. Rees, “Heating of H I Regions by Soft X-Rays. II. The Effect of Galactic Soft X-Ray Sources,“ Ap.J. 161, 965-77 (1970).

Ostriker, J.P., M.J. Rees, & J. Silk, “Some Observable Consequences of Accretion by Defunct Pulsars,” Astrophysical Letters 6, 179 (1970).

Rees, M.J. & G. Setti, “Absorption and Scattering of Ultraviolet and X Ray Photons by Intergalactic Gas,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 8, 410-19 (1970).

Bahcall, John N., Martin J. Rees, & E.E. Salpeter, “Extragalactic Pulsars,” Ap.J. 162, 737-42 (1970).

Lynden-Bell, D. & M.J. Rees, “On Quasars, Dust and the Galactic Centre,” MNRAS 152, 461-75 (1971).

Rees, M.J. “Effects of Very Long Wavelength Primordial Gravitational Radiation,” MNRAS 154, 187-95 (1971).

Rees, M., “New Interpretation of Extragalactic Radio Sources,” Nature 229, 312-17 (1971).

Rees, M.J. “Origin of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation in a Chaotic Universe,” Phys. Rev. Letters 28, 1669 (1972).

Rees, Martin J., Observational Cosmology: Lectures Given by Martin J. Rees at the “Ettore Majorana” Centre for Scientific Culture, Erice, 10 May-20 May 1972 (International School of Cosmology and Gravitation, Erice, Sicily, 1972).

Rees, Martin J., Remo Ruffini, and John Archibald Wheeler, Black Holes, Gravitational Waves, and Cosmology: An Introduction to Current Research (Gordon and Breach, London, 1972; Gordon and Breach, NY, 1974).

Blandford, R.D., & M.J. Rees, “The Interpretation of Variable Components in Extragalactic Radio Sources by ‘Synchro-Compton’ Theory,” Astrophysical Letters 10, 77-82 (1972).

Felten, James E. & Martin J. Rees, “Continuum Radiative Transfer in a Hot Plasma, with Application to Scorpius X-1,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 17,226-42 (1972).

Rees, M.J., “Origin of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation in a Chaotic Universe,” Physical Review Letters 28, 1669-71 (1972).

Rees, M.J. & M. Reinhardt, “Some Remarks on Intergalactic Magnetic Fields,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 19,189-92 (1972).

Pringle, J.E. & M.J. Rees, “Accretion Disc Models for Compact X-Ray Sources,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 21,1-9 (1972).

Pringle, J.E., M.J. Rees, & A.G. Pacholczyk, “Accretion onto Massive Black Holes,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 29,179-84 (1973).

Gisler, G.R., E.R. Harrison, & M.J. Rees, “Variations in the Primordial Helium Abundance,“ MNRAS 166, 663-672 (1974).

Rees, M.J. & J.E. Gunn, “The Origin of the Magnetic Field and Relativistic Particles in the Crab Nebula,” MNRAS 167, 1-12 (1974).

Blandford, R.D. & M.J. Rees, “A ‘Twin-exhaust’ Model for Double Radio Sources,” MNRAS 169, 395-415 (1974).

Rees, M.J. & W.C. Saslaw, “Massive Black Holes in Extragalactic Radio Source Components,” MNRAS 171, 53-57 (1975).

Rees, M.J., “Expected Polarization Properties of Binary X-ray Sources,” MNRAS 171, 457-65 (1975).

Fabian, A.C., J.E. Pringle, & M.J. Rees, “Tidal Capture Formation of Binary Systems and X-ray Sources in Globular Clusters,” MNRAS 172, 15-18 (1975).

Gott, J.R., III & M.J. Rees, “A theory of galaxy formation and clustering,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 45, 365-76 (1975).

Fabian, A.C., J.E. Pringle, & M.J. Rees, “X-ray Emission from Accretion on to White Dwarfs,” MNRAS 175, 43-60 (1976).

Fabian, A.C., D. Maccagni, M.J. Rees, & W.R. Stoeger, “The nucleus of Centaurus A,” Nature 260, 683-85 (1976).

Begelman, Mitchell C. & Martin J. Rees, “Can Cosmic Clouds Cause Climatic Catastrophes?” Nature 261, 298-99 (1976).

Rees, M.J., “Opacity-limited Hierarchical Fragmentation and the Masses of Protostars,” MNRAS 176, 483-86 (1976).

Frank, J. & M.J. Rees, “Effects of Massive Central Black Holes on Dense Stellar Systems,” MNRAS 176, 633-47 (1976).

Rees, Martin J., “A Better Way of Searching for Black-hole Explosions?” Nature 266, 333-34 (1977).

Blandford, R.D., C.F. McKee, & M.J. Rees, “A ‘Super-luminal Expansion in Extragalactic Radio Sources,” Nature 2676, 211-16 (1977).

Rees, M.J. & J.P. Ostriker, “Cooling, Dynamics and Fragmentation of Massive Gas Clouds: Clues to the Masses and Radii of Galaxies and Clusters,” MNRAS 179, 541-59 (1977).

Fall, S.M. & M.J. Rees, & J.P. Ostriker, “Survival and Disruption of Galactic Substructure,” MNRAS 181, 37-42 (1977).

Rees, Martin J., “Quasar Theories,” Annals NY Acad. Sci. 302, 613-35 (1977).

Rees, Martin J., “Quasars and Young Galaxies,” QJRAS 18, 429-42 (1977) [George Darwin Lecture, 1976].

Rees, Martin J., “Accretion and the Quasar Phenomenon” Physica Scripta 17, 193-200 (1978) or free on NED.

Blandford, Roger D. & Martin J. Rees, “Extended and Compact Extragalactic Radio Sources: Interpretation and Theory” Physica Scripta 17, 265-74 (1978).

White, S.D.M. & M.J. Rees, “Core Condensation in Heavy Halos: A Two-stage Theory for Galaxy Formation and Clustering,” MNRAS 183, 341-58 (1978).

Cavallo, G. & M.J. Rees, “A Qualitative Study of Cosmic Fireballs and Gamma-ray Bursts,” MNRAS 183, 359-65 (1978).

Rees, M.J., “The M87 Jet: Internal Shocks in a Plasma Beam,” MNRAS 184, 61-65 (1978).

Rees, Martin J., “Origin of Pregalactic Microwave Background,” Nature 275, 35-37 (1978).

Wilson, D.B. & M.J. Rees, “Induced Compton scattering in pulsar winds,” MNRAS 185, 297-304 (1978).

Rees, Martin J. “Relativistic Jets and Beams in Radio Galaxies,” Nature 275, 516-17 (1978).

Rees, M.J. “Quasars,” Observatory 98, 210-23 (1978).

Fabian, A.C. & M.J. Rees, “SS 433: A Double Jet in Action,” MNRAS 187, 13-16 (1979).

Carr, B.J. & M.J. Rees, “The Anthropic Principle and the Structure of the Physical World,” Nature 278, 605-12 (1979).

Begelman, Mitchell C., Martin J. Rees, & Roger D. Blandford, “A Twin-jet Model for Radio Trails,” Nature 279, 770-73 (1979).

Hogan, C.J. & M.J. Rees, “Spectral Appearance of Non-uniform Gas at High Z,” MNRAS 188, 791-98 (1979).

Bookbinder, J., L.L. Cowie, J.H. Krolik, J.P. Ostriker, & M. Rees, “The Contribution of Young Galaxies to the X-ray Background,” Ap.J. 237, 647-54 (1980).

Ulrich, M.H., et al, “Detailed Ultraviolet Observations of the Quasar 3C 273 with IUE,” MNRAS 192, 561-80 (1980).

Begelman, M.C., R.D. Blandford, & M.J. Rees, “Massive Black Hole Binaries in Active Galactic Nuclei,” Nature 287, 307-09 (1980).

Rees, Martin J., “Our Universe — and Others,” QJRAS 22, 109-24 (1981) [Milne lecture, 1980].

Rees, M.J., M.C. Begelman, & R.D. Blandford, “Relativistic Jet Production and Propagation in Active Galaxies,” Annals NY Acad. Sci. 375, 254-86 (1981).

Rees, Martin J., “The Compact Source at the Galactic Center,” in The Galactic Center; Proceedings of the Workshop, Pasadena, CA, January 7, 8, 1982 (Amer. Inst. Phys., NY, 1982), pp. 166-76.

Rees, M.J. & R.J. Stoneham, eds., Supernovae: A Survey of Current Research. Proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, June 29-July 10, 1981 (Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, 1982).

Rees., M.J., M.C. Begelman, R.D. Blandford, & E.S. Phinney, “Ion-supported Tori and the Origin of Radio Jets,” Nature 295, 17-21 (1982).

Bertotti, B. B.J. Carr, & M.J. Rees, “Limits from the Timing of Pulsars on the Cosmic Gravitational Wave Background,” MNRAS 203, 945-54 (1983).

Guilbert, P.W., A.C. Fabian, & M.J. Rees, “Spectral and Variability Constraints on Compact Sources,” MNRAS 205, 593-603 (1983).

Kashlinksy, A. & M.J. Rees, “Formation of Population III Stars and Pregalactic Evolution,” MNRAS 205, 955-71 (1983).

McCrea, W.H. and M.J. Rees, eds., The Constants of Physics: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting Held on 25 and 26 May 1983 (The Royal Society, London, 1983).

Rees, Martin J., “Black Hole Models for Active Galactic Nuclei,” Ann. Revs. Astron. Astrophys. 22, 471-506 (1984).

Begelman, M.C. & M.J. Rees, “The Cauldron at the Core of SS 433,” MNRAS 206, 209-20 (1984).

Carr, B.J. &M.J. Rees, “How Large Were the First Pregalactic Objects?” MNRAS 206, 315-25 (1984).

Begelman, Mitchell C., Roger D. Blandford, & Martin J. Rees, “Theory of Extragalactic Radio Sources,” Revs. Modern Physics 56, 255-351 (1984).

Hogan, C.J. & M.J. Rees, “Gravitational Interactions of Cosmic Strings,” Nature 311, 109-14 (1984).

Blumenthal, G.R., S.M. Faber, J.R. Primack, & M.J. Rees, “Formation of Galaxies and Large-scale Structure with Cold Dark Matter,” Nature 311, 517-25 (1984).

Rees, M.J., “Mechanisms for Biased Galaxy Formation,” MNRAS 213, 75-81 (1985).

Fall, S.M. & M.J. Rees, “ A Theory for the Origin of Globular Clusters,” Ap.J. 298, 18-26 (1985).

Rees, M.J., “Lyman Absorption Lines in Quasar Spectra: Evidence for Gravitationally-confined Gas in Dark Minihaloes,” MNRAS 218, 25-30 (1985).

Couchman, H.M.P. & M.J. Rees, “Pregalactic Evolution in Cosmologies with Cold Dark Matter,” MNRAS 221, 53-62 (1986).

Rees, Martin J., “Baryon Concentration in String Wakes at Z Greater Than About 200: Implications for Galaxy Formation and Large-scale Structure,” MNRAS 222, 27-32 (1986).

Dekel, Avishai & Martin J. Rees, “Physical Mechanisms for Biased Galaxy Formation,” Nature 326, 455-62 (1987).

Gott, J. Richard, III & Martin J. Rees, “Astronomical Constraints on a String-dominated Universe,” MNRAS 227, 453-59 (1987).

Rees, Martin J., “A Relativistic Jet from SN1987A?” Nature 328, 207 (1987).

Rees, Martin J., “The Origin and Cosmogonic Implications of Seed Magnetic Fields,” QJRAS 28, 197-206 (1987).

Rees, Martin J., “Magnetic Confinement of Broad-line Clouds in Active Galactic Nuclei,” MNRAS 228, 47-50 (1987).

Efstathiou, G. & M.J. Rees, “High-redshift Quasars in the Cold Dark Matter Cosmogony,” MNRAS 230, 5-11 (1988).

Lin, D.N.C., J.E. Pringle, & M.J. Rees, “The Link between Tidal Interaction and Nuclear Activity in Galaxies,” Ap.J. 328, 103-10 (1988).

Rees, Martin J., “Tidal Disruption of Stars by Black Holes of 106–108 Solar Masses in Nearby Galaxies,” Nature 333, 523-28 (1988).

Guilbert, P.W. & M.J. Rees, “‘Cold’ Material in Non-thermal Sources,” MNRAS 233, 475-84 (1988).

Ferland, G.J. & M.J. Rees, “Radiative Equilibrium of High-density Clouds with Application to Active Galactic Nucleus Continua,“ Ap.J. 332, 141-56 (1988).

Rees, M.J., “Is There a Massive Black Hole in Every Galaxy?” Reviews in Modern Astronomy 2, 1-12 (1989) [Karl Schwarzschild Lecture 1989].

Nandra, K., K.A. Pounds, G.C. Stewart, A.C. Fabian, & M.J. Rees, “Detection of Iron Features in the X-ray Spectrum of the Seyfert I Galaxy MCG-6-30-15,” MNRAS 236, 39-46 (1989).

Fabian, A.C., M.J. Rees, L. Stella, & N.E. White, “X-ray Fluorescence from the Inner Disc in Cygnus X-1,” MNRAS 238, 729-36 (1989).

Rees, Martin J., “The Radio/optical Alignment of High-z Radio Galaxies: Triggering of Star Formation in Radio Lobes,” MNRAS 239, 1-4 (1989).

Rees, M.J., Hagai Netzer, & G.J. Ferland, “Small Dense Broad-line Regions in Active Nuclei,” Ap.J. 347, 640-55 (1989).

Fabian, A.C., I.M. George, S. Miyoshi, & M.J. Rees, “Reflection-dominated Hard X-ray Sources and the X-ray Background,” MNRAS 242, 14-16 (1990).

Rees, Martin J., “‘Dead Quasars’ in Nearby Galaxies?” Science 247, 817-23 (1990).

Podsiadlowski, Ph., J.E. Pringle, J. E., & M.J. Rees, “The origin of the planet orbiting PSR1829 - 10,” Nature 352, 783-84 (1991).

Rees, M.J., “Will the Universe Expand Forever?” in Third Venice Conference on Cosmology and Philosophy, Dec. 15-16, 1989, Venice, Italy, ed. by Francesco Bertola, et al. Società Astronomica Italiana. Memorie, v. 62, n. 3 (1991).

Rees, Martin J., “Clusters Of Galaxies: An Introductory Survey,” in Clusters and Superclusters of Galaxies, ed. A.C. Fabian (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1992).

Rees, Martin J., “Causes and Effects of the First Quasars,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 90, 11, 4840-47 (1993).

Meszaros, P. & M.J. Rees, “Gamma-Ray Bursts: Multiwaveband Spectral Predictions for Blast Wave Models,” Ap.J. 418, L59-L62 (1993).

Podsiadlowski, Philipp, Martin J. Rees, & Malvin Ruderman, “Gamma-Ray Bursts and the Structure of the Galactic Halo,” Annals NY Acad. Sci. 759, 283-86 (1995).

Rees, Martin, New Perspectives in Astrophysical Cosmology (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995, 2000, 2002).

Rees, Martin J., “Galaxy Formation and Quasars — Progress and Prospects,” in The Universe at Large, Münch, G., A. Mampaso, & F. Sánchez, eds. (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1997), 311-342.

Rees, Martin J., “Introductory Lecture,” Proceedings of NATO ASI on Cosmology held at the Isaac Newton Institute, ed R. Crittenden.

Rees, Martin J., “‘First Light’ in the Universe; What Ended the ‘Dark Age’?” Physics Reports 333, 203-14 (2000).

Mézáros, P. & M.J. Rees, “Gamma-Ray Bursts as X-Ray Depth Gauges of the Universe,” Ap.J. 591, L91-L94 (2003) [abstract].

Rees, M.J., “Numerical Coincidences and ‘Tuning’ in Cosmology,” Astrophysics & Space Science 285, 375-88 (2003).

Yuan, Ye-Fei, Ramesh Narayan, & Martin J. Rees, “Constraining Alternate Models of Black Holes: Type I X-ray Bursts on Accreting Fermion-Fermion and Boson Fermion Stars, Ap.J. 606, 1112-1124 (2004).

Tegmark, Max, Anthony Aguirre, Martin J. Rees, & Frank Wilczek, “Dimensionless Constants, Cosmology, and Other Dark Matters,” Phys. Rev. D 73, 023505 (2006).

Rees, M.J., “Origin of Cosmic Magnetic Fields,” Astronomische Nachrichten 327, 395 (2006).

Thompson, C., P. Mészáros & M.J. Rees, “Thermalization in Relativistic Outflows and the Correlation between Spectral Hardness and Apparent Luminosity in Gamma-Ray Bursts,” Ap.J. 666, 1012 (2007).

Begelman, Mitchell C., Andrew C. Fabian & Martin J. Rees, “Implications of Very Rapid TeV Variability in Blazars ” MNRAS 384, L19-L23 (2008).

Fabian, Andrew C., et al, “Cosmic Feedback from Supermassive Black Holes,” Astro2010: The Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey, Science White Papers, no. 73 (2009).

Mészáros, P. & M.J. Rees, “Population III Gamma-ray Bursts,” Ap.J. 715, 967 (2011).

Mészáros, P. & M.J. Rees, “GeV Emission from Collisional Magnetized Gamma-Ray Bursts,” Ap.J. Letters 733, L40 (2011).

Fabian, A.C., J.S. Sanders, M. Haehnelt, M.J. Rees,& J.M. Miller, “X-ray Emission from the Ultramassive Black Hole Candidate NGC 1277: Implications and Speculations on its Origin,” MNRAS 431, L38-L42 (2013).

Senno, Nicholas, Peter Mészáros,, Kohta Murase, Philipp Baerwald, & Martin J. Rees, “Extragalactic Star-forming Galaxies with Hypernovae and Supernovae as High-energy Neutrino and Gamma-ray Sources: the case of the 10 TeV Neutrino data,” Ap.J. 806, id 24 (2015).

Search ADS for works by Rees

Other Works: Popularizations, Fiction, etc.

Complete lists on Prof. Rees’s website

Rees, Martin J. & Joseph Silk, “The Origin of Galaxies,” Scientific American 222, (6) 26-35 (1970).

Pacini, F. & M.J. Rees, “Rotation in High-energy Astrophysics,” Scientific American 228, (2) 98 (1973).

Rees, Martin J., “The 13 000 000 000 Year Bang,” New Scientist 72, 512-15 (1976).

Trimble, Virginia & Martin Rees, “Are Galaxies Here to Stay?” Astronomy 6 (7), 50-59 (1978).

Rees, Martin J., “Galactic Nuclei and Quasars: Supermassive Black Holes?,” New Scientist 80, 188-91 (1978).

Blandford, Roger D., Mitchell C. Begelman, & Martin J. Rees, “Cosmic Jets,” Scientific American 246, 124-42 (May 1982).

Rees, Martin J., “The Anthropic Universe,” New Scientist 115, 44-47 (1987).

Rees, Martin J., “Black Holes in Galactic Centers,” Scientific American 263, 5, 56 (1990).

Gribbin, John & Martin J. Rees, Cosmic Coincidences (Bantam, 1989; Black Swan, 1991).

Gribbin, John & Martin J. Rees, The Stuff of the Universe: Dark Matter, Mankind and the Coincidences of Cosmology (William Heinemann Ltd, 1990).

Begelman, Mitchell & Martin Rees, Gravity’s Fatal Attraction: Black Holes in the Universe (Scientific American Library, W.H. Freeman, NY, 1996; 2nd ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2009).

Rees, Martin, Before The Beginning: Our Universe and Others (Perseus Books, Reading, MA, 1997).

Rees, Martin, “Big Science Needs the Right Choices,” Physics World 10, 8, 15 (1997).

Rees, Martin, “Some Millennial Thoughts on Cosmology,” Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 24, 4, 261 (1999).

Rees, Martin J., Just Six Numbers: The Deep Forces that Shape the Universe (Basic Books, NY, 2000).

Rees, Martin, In the Matrix: Martin Rees
Essay and video with introductory remarks by David Deutsch, Paul Davies, Lee Smolin, Alan Guth, Lisa Randall, 2003

Rees, Martin, Our Final Hour: A Scientist’s Warning: How Terror Error, and Environmental Disaster Threaten Humankind’s Future in this Century — on Earth and Beyond (Basic Books, NY, 2003).

Rees, Martin, “Obituary: Fred Hoyle,” Physics Today 54, 11, 75-76 (2001).

Wakefield, Julie, “Doom and Gloom by 2100,” Scientific American 291, 1, 48-49 (July 2004).

Rees, Martin, “Earth in Its Final Century?” public lecture, 2005

Rees, Martin, “Dark Materials,” The Guardian, 10 June 2006.

Rees, Martin, “International Collaboration is Part of Science’s DNA,” Nature 456, 31 (2008).

Rees, Martin, “Nuclear Physics: Arms and the Man,” Nature 481, 438-39 (2012).

Rees, Martin, “Stephen Hawking (1942–2018),” Nature 555, 444 (2018).

There are a number of lectures by Professor Rees on YouTube.