Douglas Nelson Chao Lin

Douglas Lin


Date of Birth
May 7, 1949

Doug Lin was born in New York City but raised in Beijing. He earned his B.S. at McGill University and his Ph.D. in 1976 at the University of Cambridge, where he was a student of Brandon Carter. After postdoctoral positions at Cambridge and Harvard he joined the faculty of the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1979. From 2007 to 2011 he also served as the founding director of the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at Peking University in Beijing. He is a theoretical astrophysicist who has worked with a number of colleagues to make major contributions to several fields. He has worked on the structure, dynamics and formation of galaxies, yielding such information as the masses and dark matter contents of our Galaxy, the Magellanic Clouds, and others. He has modeled the structure and evolution of globular clusters and their interactions with the Galaxy. He was the first to construct accretion disk models for the formation, structure, and evolution of stars and their planets. His most-cited work involves detailed models of the formation of solar and extrasolar planets, including how and where they form and how they migrate to locations closer to their parent stars. He has made models to explain the observations of “hot Jupiters” and of planets with highly eccentric orbits and of planets not bound to stars. His work on our solar system has accounted for the structure of Saturn’s rings, tides inside the giant planets, the evolution of the jovian system, and the structure of the astroid belt. He has also worked on accretion disks around the central black holes in galaxies.

Personal Web Page

at the University of California, Santa Cruz

Other awards

American Astronomical Society, Warner prize, 1977.
American Astronomical Society Division on Dynamical Astronomy, Dirk Brouwer Career Award, 2014.

Biographical materials

University of California, Santa Cruz press release on the Bruce Medal

Academic genealogy



At the chalkboard, courtesy Prof. Lin
In Beijing, 2007, courtesy Prof. Lin

Named after him

Minor Planet #25133 Douglin


Other References: Historical

Evolution of Planetary and Stellar Systems: Dynamical Interactions with DNC Lin. A symposium celebrating the contributions of Doug Lin to the theory of planet formation as well as galaxy formation and structure, held in Prato, Italy, 21-26 June 2009.

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Other References: Scientific

Lin, D.N.C., “Long term Variability in HZ Her - Her X-1 Binary System,” Astron. & Astrophys. 29, 109-11 (1973).

Lin, D.N.C. & J.E. Pringle, “Numerical Simulation of Mass Transfer and Accretion Disc Flow in Binary Systems,” in P. Eggleton, S. Mitton, and J. Whelan, eds., Structure and Evolution of Close Binary Systems; Proceedings of the Symposium, Cambridge, England, July 28-August 1, 1975. IAU Symposium No. 73. (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1976), pp. 237-52.

Lin, D.N.C. & J. Papaloizou, “Tidal Torques on Accretion Discs in Binary Systems with Extreme Mass Ratios,” MNRAS 186, 799-812 (1979).

Lin, D.N.C. & J. Papaloizou, “On the Structure and Evolution of the Primordial Solar Nebula,” MNRAS 191, 37-48 (1980).

Lin, D.N.C. & D. Lynden-Bell, “On the Proper Motion of the Magellanic Clouds and the Halo Mass of our Galaxy,” MNRAS 198, 707-21 (1982).

Faber, S.M. & D.N.C. Lin, “Is There Nonluminous Matter in Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies,” Ap.J. 266, L17-L20 (1983).

Faulkner, John, D.N.C. Lin, & John Papaloizou, “On the Evolution of Accretion Disc Flow in Cataclysmic Variables. I. The Prospect of a Limit Cycle in Dwarf Nova Systems,” MNRAS 205, 359-75 (1983).

Lin, D.N.C. & S.M. Faber, “Some Implications of Nonluminous Matter in Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies,” Ap.J. 266, L21-L25 (1983).

Papaloizou, J. & D.N.C. Lin, “On the Tidal Interaction between Protoplanets and the Primordial Solar Nebula. I. Linear Calculation of the Role of Angular Momentum Exchange,” Ap.J. 285, 818-34 (1984).

Bridges, F.G., A. Hatzes, & D.N.C. Lin, “Structure, Stability and Evolution of Saturn’s Rings,” Nature 309, 333-35 (1984).

Lin, D.N.C. & J. Papaloizou, “On the Dynamical Origin of the Solar System,” in D.C. Black & M.S. Matthews, eds., Protostars and Planets II (Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1985), pp. 981-1072.

Lin, D.N.C. & John Papaloizou, “On the Tidal Interaction between Protoplanets and the Primordial Solar Nebula. II. Self-consistent Nonlinear Interaction,” Ap.J. 307, 395-409 (1986).

Ruden, Steven P. & D.N.C. Lin, “The Global Evolution of the Primordial Solar Nebula,” Ap.J. 308, 883-901 (1986).

Lin, D.N.C. & John Papaloizou, “On the Tidal Interaction between Protoplanets and the Protoplanetary Disk. III. Orbital Migration of Protoplanets,” Ap.J. 309, 846-57 (1986).

Lin, D.N.C. & J.E. Pringle, “The Formation of the Exponential Disk in Spiral Galaxies,” Ap.J. 320, L87-L91 (1987).

Lin, D.N.C. & J.E. Pringle, “A Viscosity Prescription for a Self-gravitating Accretion Disc,” MNRAS 225, 607-13 (1987).

Artymowicz, Pawel, D.N.C. Lin, & E. Joseph Wampler, “Star trapping and metallicity enrichment in quasars and active galactic nuclei,” Ap.J. 409, 592-603 (1993).

Adams, Fred C. & D.N.C. Lin, “Transport Processes and the Evolution of Disks,” in E.H. Levy & J.I. Lunine, eds., Protostars and Planets III (Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1993), pp. 721-48.

Lin, D.N.C. & J.C.B. Papaloizou, “On the Tidal Interaction between Protostellar Disks and Companions,” in E.H. Levy & J.I. Lunine, eds., Protostars and Planets III (Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1993), pp. 749-835.

Bell, K.R. & D.N.C. Lin, “Using FU Orionis Outbursts to Constrain Self-regulated Protostellar Disk Models,” Ap.J. 427, 987-1004 (1994).

Papaloizou, J.C.B. & D.N.C. Lin, “On the Dynamics of Warped Accretion Disks,” Ap.J. 438, 841-51 (1995).

Lin, D.N.C., B.F. Jones, & A.R. Klemola, “The Motion of the Magellanic Clouds, Origin of the Magellanic Stream, and the Mass of the Milky Way,” Ap.J. 439, 652-71 (1995).

Oh, K.S., D.N.C. Lin, & S.J. Arseth, “On the Tidal Disruption of Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies around the Galaxy,” Ap.J. 442, 142-58 (1995).

Papaloizou, J.C.B. & D.N.C. Lin, “Theory Of Accretion Disks I: Angular Momentum Transport Processes,” Ann. Rev. Astron. & Astrophys. 33, 505-40 (1995).

Lin, D.N.C., P. Bodenheimer, & D.C. Richardson, “Orbital Migration of the Planetary Companion of 51 Pegasi to Its Present Location,” Nature 380, 606-07 (1996).

Takeuchi, Taku, Shoken M. Miyama, & D.N.C. Lin, “Gap Formation in Protoplanetary Disks,” Ap.J. 460, 832-47 (1996).

Lin, D.N.C. & Shigeru Ida, “On the Origin of Massive Eccentric Planets,” Ap.J. 477, 781-91 (1997).

Zaritsky, Dennis & D.N.C. Lin, “Evidence for an Intervening Stellar Population Toward the Large Magellanic Cloud,” Astronomical Journal 114, 2545-54 (1997).

Bryden, G., Xingming Chen, D.N.C. Lin, Richard P. Nelson, & John C.B. Papaloizou, “Tidally Induced Gap Formation in Protostellar Disks: Gap Clearing and Suppression of Protoplanetary Growth,” Ap.J. 514, 344-67 (1999).

Gilliland, Ronald L., et al., “A Lack of Planets in 47 Tucanae from a Hubble Space Telescope Search,” Ap.J. 545, L47-L51 (2000).

Bodenheimer, Peter, D.N.C. Lin, & R.A. Mardling, “On the Tidal Inflation of Short-Period Extrasolar Planets,” Ap.J. 548, 466-72 (2001).

Takeuchi, Taku & D.N.C. Lin, “Radial Flow of Dust Particles in Accretion Disks,” Ap.J. 581, 1344-55 (2002).

Gu, Pin-Gao, Douglas N.C. Lin, & Peter H. Bodenheimer, “The Effect of Tidal Inflation Instability on the Mass and Dynamical Evolution of Extrasolar Planets with Ultrashort Periods,” Ap.J. 588, 509-34 (2002).

Bodenheimer, Peter, Gregory Laughlin, & Douglas N.C. Lin, “On the Radii of Extrasolar Giant Planets,” Ap.J. 592, 555-63 (2003).

Ogilvie, G.I. & D.N.C. Lin, “Tidal Dissipation in Rotating Giant Planets,” Ap.J. 610, 477-509 (2004).

Ida, S. & D.N.C. Lin, “Toward a Deterministic Model of Planetary Formation. I. A Desert in the Mass and Semimajor Axis Distributions of Extrasolar Planets,” Ap.J. 604, 388-413 (2004).

Ida, Shigeru & D.N.C. Lin, “Toward a Deterministic Model of Planetary Formation. II. The Formation and Retention of Gas Giant Planets around Stars with a Range of Metallicities,” Ap.J. 616, 567-72 (2004).

Ida, S. & D.N.C. Lin, “Toward a Deterministic Model of Planetary Formation. III. Mass Distribution of Short-Period Planets around Stars of Various Masses,” Ap.J. 626, 1045-60 (2005).

Ida, S. & D.N.C. Lin, “Toward a Deterministic Model of Planetary Formation. IV. Effects of Type I Migration,” Ap.J. 673, 487-501 (2008).

Ida, S. & D.N.C. Lin, “Toward a Deterministic Model of Planetary Formation. V. Accumulation Near the Ice Line and Super-Earths,” Ap.J. 685, 584-95 (2008).

Dobbs-Dixon, Ian & D.N.C. Lin, “Atmospheric Dynamics of Short-Period Extrasolar Gas Giant Planets. I. Dependence of Nightside Temperature on Opacity,” Ap.J. 673, 513-25 (2008).

Howard, Andrew W., et al., “The Occurrence and Mass Distribution of Close-in Super-Earths, Neptunes, and Jupiters,” Science 330, 653-55 (2010).

Li, Shu-Lin, N. Miller, Douglas N.C. Lin, & Jonathan J Fortney, “WASP-12b as a Prolate, Inflated and Disrupting Planet from Tidal Dissipation, Nature 463, 1054-56 (2010).

Laine, Randy O. & Douglas N.C. Lin, “Interaction of Close-in Planets with the Magnetosphere of Their Host Stars. II. Super-Earths as Unipolar Inductors and Their Orbital Evolution,” Ap.J. 745, id. 2 (2012).

Liu, Shang-Fei, James Guillochon, Douglas N.C. Lin, & Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz, “On the Survivability and Metamorphism of Tidally Disrupted Giant Planets: The Role of Dense Cores,” Ap.J. 762, id. 37 (2013).

Gritschneder, Matthias & Douglas N.C. Lin, “Explaining the Observed Velocity Dispersion of Dwarf Galaxies by Baryonic Mass Loss during the First Collapse,” Ap.J. 765, id. 38 (2013).

Rogers, T.M. & D.N.C. Lin, “On the Tidal Dissipation of Obliquity,” Ap.J. 769, id. L10 (2013).

Ida, S., D.N.C. Lin, & M. Nagasawa, “Toward a Deterministic Model of Planetary Formation. VII. Eccentricity Distribution of Gas Giants,” Ap.J. 775, id. 42 (2013).

Liu, Shang-Fei, Craig B Agnor, D.N.C. Lin, & Shu-Lin Li, “Embryo Impacts and Gas Giant Mergers - II. Diversity of Hot Jupiters' Internal Structure,” MNRAS 446, 1685-1702 (2015).

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