Otto Struve Bibliography

Papers, etc.

Struve’s papers are at Yerkes Observatory Library, the Bancroft Library (finding aid) of the University of California, Berkeley, and the Mary Lea Shane Archives of the Lick Observatory. There is a microfilm copy at the AIP Center for History of Physics, which also hold oral history interviews, e.g., those of Jesse and Naomi Greenstein, which discuss Struve. There are unpublished autobiographical notes deposited with the Archives of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 1941

Other References: Historical

Batten, A. H., ed., Extended Atmospheres and Circumstellar Matter in Spectroscopic Binary Systems. Symposium no. 51 (Struve Memorial Symposium) held at Parksville, B.C., Canada, 6-12 September, 1972 (D. Reidel, Dordrecht & Boston, 1973).

Batten, A. H., Resolute and Undertaking Characters: the Lives of Wilhelm and Otto Struve (D. Reidel Pub. Co., Boston; 1988). [about Otto Struve’s great-grandfather and grandfather, both notable astronomers]

Chandrasekhar, S., in Remembering the University of Chicago: Teachers, Scientists and Scholars, Edward Shils, ed. (U. of Chicago Press, 1991).

DeVorkin, David, “The Maintenance of a Scientific Institution: Otto Struve, the Yerkes Observatory, and its Optical Bureau during the Second World War,” Minerva 18, 595-623 (1980).

Dick, S.J., “Otto Struve, Stellar Rotation and Planetary Systems,” BAAS 23, 1355 (1991) [Abstract of paper presented to AAS, Jan. 1992].

Doel, Ronald E., Solar System Astronomy in America: Communities, Patronage, and Interdisciplinary Science, 1920-1960. (Cambridge University Press, NY, 1995).

Drake, Frank D. & Dava Sobel, “Is Anyone Out There?” (Delacorte Press, 1992) [An excerpt appears in Mercury 21, 4, 120 (Jul/Aug 1992)].

Drake, Frank D. “A Reminiscence of Project Ozma,” Cosmic Search 1, 1 (1979).

Evans, David S. & J. Derral Mulholland, Big and Bright: A History of the McDonald Observatory (Univ. of Texas Press, Austin, 1986).

Hack, M., ed., Modern Astrophysics; A Memorial to Otto Struve (Gauthier-Villars, Paris; Gordon and Breach, NY, 1967).

Hearnshaw, J. B., The Analysis of Starlight (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1986).

Herbig, George, ed., Spectroscopic Astrophysics: An Assessment of the Contributions of Otto Struve (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1970).

Hutchins, R., W.S Adams, G.P.Kuiper, W.W. Morgan, G. van Biesbroeck, O. Struve, S. Chandrasekhar, & G. Herzberg, “The Yerkes Observatory, 1897-1947,” Science 106, 195-220 (1947).

Lambert, D.L., ed., Frontiers of Stellar Evolution. Proceedings, Symposium in Celebration of the 50th Anniversary of McDonald Observatory of the University of Texas at Austin, Alpine, TX, 24-28 Jul 1989.

Osterbrock, Donald E., “Fifty Years Ago: Astronomy; Yerkes Observatory; Morgan, Keenan and Kellman,” The MK Process at 50 Years,” C.J. Corbally, R.O. Gray, and R.F. Garrison, eds., ASP Conference Series, Vol. 60 (1994).

Osterbrock, Donald E., “Young Otto Struve: The Education and Development of a Research Scientist, 1921-1932,” [Abstract of paper presented to AAS, Dec. 1995].

Osterbrock, Donald E., Yerkes Observatory 1892-1950: The Birth, Near Death, and Resurrection of a Scientific Research Institution (Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1997).

Struve, Otto, “The W.J. McDonald Observatory of the University of Texas,” PASP 55, 123-33 (1943).

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Other References: Scientific

Struve, Otto, “Notes on Two Stars Having Variable Bright Lines,” Ap.J. 58, 138-40 (1923).

Struve, Otto, “A Study of Spectroscopic Binaries of Short Period,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Chicago, 1923.

Struve, Otto, “On the Double Star 9 Argus,” Ap.J. 58, 141-48 (1923) and 313.

van Biesbroeck, G. & O. Struve, & I. Yamamoto, “Observations of Asteroids at the Yerkes Observatory,” Astronomical Journal 35, 45-46 (1923).

Struve, Otto, “The Orbit of the Spectroscopic Binary 43 θ2 Orionis,” Ap.J. 60, 159 (1924).

Struve, Otto, “On the Nature of Spectroscopic Binaries of Short Period,” Ap.J. 60, 167-74 (1924).

van Biesbroeck, G. & O. Struve,, “Observations of Asteroids at the Yerkes Observatory,” 35, 134-36 (1924); 36, 11-15 (1924); 36, 109-112 (1924); 37, 50-52 (1926); and 38, 41-44 (1927).

Frost, Edwin B., Storrs B. Barrett, & Otto Struve, “Radial Velocities of 368 Helium Stars,” Ap.J. 64, 1-77 (1926).

Struve, Otto, “A Study of the Nature of Spectroscopic Binaries,” MNRAS 86, 63-77 (1925).

Shajn, G. & O. Struve, “On the Rotation of the Stars,” MNRAS 89, 222-39 (1929) [excerpted with commentary in Lang, Kenneth R. & Owen Gingerich, eds., A Source Book in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 1900-1975 (Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA, 1979), 254-58.]

Struve, Otto, “The Stark Effect in Stellar Spectra,” Ap.J. 69, 173-95 (1929).

Frost, Edwin B., Storrs B. Barrett, & Otto Struve, “Radial Velocities of 500 Stars of Spectral Class A,” Pubs. Yerkes Obs. 7, 1-79 (1929).

Luyten, W.J., O. Struve, & W.W. Morgan, “Reobservation of the Orbits of Ten Spectroscopic Binaries with a Discussion of Apsidal Motions,” Pubs. Yerkes Obs. 7, 251-300 (1929).

Shajn, G. & O. Struve, “On the Rotation of the Stars,” MNRAS 89, 222-39 (1929).

Struve, Otto, “The Determination of Stellar Distances from Intensities of the Detached Calcium Line K,” MNRAS 89, 567-89 (1929).

Struve, Otto, “The Stark Effect in Stellar Spectra,” Ap.J. 69, 173-95 (1929).

Struve, Otto, “On the Axial Rotation of Stars,” Ap.J. 72, 1-18 (1930).

Struve, Otto, “On the Origin of Bright Lines in Spectra of Stars of Class B,” Ap.J. 73, 94-103 (1931).

Struve, O, & P. Swings, “On the Interpretation of the Emission Lines in Stars of Early Spectral Class,” Ap.J. 75,161-84 (1932).

Struve, O., C.T. Elvey, & P.C. Keenan, “On the Colors of Diffuse Nebulae Having Continuous Spectra,” Ap.J. 77, 274-82 (1933).

Struve, O., “The Problem of Classifying Stellar Spectra,” Ap.J. 78, 73-86 (1933).

Struve, Otto, “Notes on Calcium Clouds,” Ap.J. 79, 273-79 (1934).

Struve, Otto & C.T. Elvey, “The Intensities of Stellar Absorption Lines,” Ap.J. 79, 409-40 (1934).

Struve, Otto, “The Spectrum of P Cygni,” Ap.J. 81, 66-96 (1935).

Struve, Otto, “A Test of Thermodynamic Equilibrium in the Atmospheres of Early-Type Stars,” Ap.J. 82, 252-60 (1935).

Struve, Otto & C.T. Elvey, “Photometric Observations of Some of Barnard's Dark Nebulae,” Ap.J. 83,162-72 (1936).

Swings, Pol & Otto Struve, “A Note on the Formation of Stellar Absorption Lines,” Ap.J. 83, 238-44 (1936).

Struve, Otto & Helen Story, “Scattering of Light in Diffuse Nebula,” Ap.J. 84, 203-18 (1936).

Struve, Otto, C.T. Elvey, & F.E. Roach, “Reflection Nebulae,” Ap.J. 84, 219-28 (1936).

Struve, Otto, “On the Interpretation of the Surface Brightness of Diffuse Galactic Nebulae,” Ap.J. 85, 194-212 (1937).

Struve, O., G. van Biesbroeck, & C.T. Elvey, “The 150-Foot Nebular Spectrograph of the McDonald Observatory,” Ap.J. 87, 559-67 (1938).

Struve, O, & K. Wurm, “The Excitation of Absorption Lines in Outer Atmospheric Shells of Stars,” Ap.J. 88, 84-109 (1938).

Struve, Otto, “La Constitution des Nébuleuses par Réflexion,” Ann. Astrophys. 1, 143-72 (1938).

Luyten, W.J., O. Struve, & W.W. Morgan, “Reobservation of the Orbits of 10 Spectroscopic Binaries with a Discussion of Apsidal Motions,” Pubs. Yerkes Obs. 7, 251-300 (1939).

Struve, O, & K. Wurm, & L.G. Henyey, “Astrophysical Consequences of Metastable Levels in Hydrogen and Helium, ” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 25, 67-73 (1939).

Struve, Otto, “Stars with Extended Atmospheres,” Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. 81, 211-51 (1939).

Struve, Otto & C.T. Elvey, “Observations Made with the Nebular Spectrograph of the Mcdonald Observatory,” Ap.J. 89, 119-24 (1939); 89, 517-25 (1939); and (with W. Linke) 90, 301-08 (1939).

Greenstein, Jesse L. & Otto Struve, “Interstellar Calcium and Color Excess,” Ap.J. 90, 625-26 (1939).

Struve, Otto, “The Ultraviolet Spectra of A and B Stars,” Ap.J. 90, 699-726 (1939).

Swings, P. & O. Struve, “Spectrographic Observations of Peculiar Stars,” Ap.J. 91,546-620 (1940); 94, 291-319 (1941); 95, 152-60 (1942); 96, 254-71 (1942); 97, 194-225 (1943); 98, 91-97 (1943); and 101, 224-31 (1945).

Struve, Otto, “Recent Progress in the Interpretation of Stellar Spectra,“ Rev. Mod. Phys. 16, 286-300 (1944).

Struve, Otto, “Spectrographic Observations of Eleven Eclipsing Binaries,” Ap.J. 103,76-98 (1946).

Struve, Otto, “The Effect of Diluted Stellar Radiation upon the Spectra of Astronomical Objects,” Physica 12, 739-60 (1946).

Struve, Otto, “Spectroscopic Binaries (George Darwin Lecture),” MNRAS 109, 487-506 (1949).

Unsöld, Albrecht & Otto Struve, “Curves of Growth and Line Contours,” Ap.J. 110, 455-62 (1949).

Struve, Otto, Stellar Evolution, an Exploration from the Observatory (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1950).

Struve, Otto, “The Analysis of Peculiar Stellar Spectra,” in Hynek, J.A., ed., Astrophysics: A Topical Symposium (McGraw-Hill, NY, 1951).

Struve, Otto, “Notes on Stellar Spectra,” PASP 63, 138-41 (1951); 64, 20-25 (1952); 64, 117-21 (1952); 64, 180-84 (1952); 64, 288-92 (1952); 65, 81-85 (1953); and 65, 185-89 (1953).

Huang, Su-Shu & Otto Struve, “The Curve of Line-Width Correlation and Doppler Velocities in Stellar Atmospheres. I. Delta Canis Majoris,” Ap.J. 116, 410-21 (1952)..

Struve, Otto, “Proposal for a Project of High-Precision Radial Velocity Work,” Observatory 72, 199-200 (1952) [in which Struve proposed the method of discovering extrasolar planets which was to succeed in 1995].

Huang, Su-Shu & Otto Struve, “A Study of Line Profiles: the Spectrum of Rho Leonis,” Ap.J. 118, 463-76 (1953).

Struve, Otto & K.L. Franklin, “Spectrographic Observations of Visual Double Stars,” Ap.J. 121, 337-48 (1955).

Struve, Otto, “The Problem of Beta Lyrae,“ PASP 70, 5-40 (1958) [Henry Norriss Russell Lecture].

Struve, Otto & W.C. Straka, “Notes on Diffuse Galactic Nebulae,” PASP 74, 474-87 (1962).

Struve, Otto, “Comments on Stellar Spectra,” Ap.J. 137, 1306-08 (1963).

Hack, Margherita & Otto Struve, Stellar Spectroscopy, Normal Stars (Osservatorio Astronomico, Trieste, 1969).

Hack, Margherita & Otto Struve, Stellar Spectroscopy, Peculiar Stars (Osservatorio Astronomico, Trieste, 1971).

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Other Works: Popularizations, History, etc.

Struve wrote hundreds of articles for Sky & Telescope. Only a few of them are listed here.

Struve, Otto, “Aid to Russian Scientists,” Dernières Nouvelles, no. 614 (1922) [in Russian].

Struve, Otto, “Freedom of Thought in Astronomy,” Sci. Mon. 40, 250-56 (1935).

Struve, Otto, “Some New Trends in Stellar Spectroscopy,” Popular Astronomy 43, 483-96 (1935) and 43, 559-67 (1935).

Struve, Otto, “Recent Progress in the Study of Reflection Nebulae,” Popular Astronomy 45, 9-23 (1937).

Struve, Otto, “The Decline of International Cooperation in Astronomy,” Science 87, 364-65 (1938).

Struve, Otto, “The Poulkovo Observatory (1839-1941),” Sky & Telescope 1, 3 (1942).

Struve, Otto, “Fifty Years of Progress in Astronomy,” Popular Astronomy 51, 469-81 (1943). See commentary by R.O. Redman, Observatory 65, 213-19 (1944) and Struve’s reply, Observatory 66, 32-34 (1945).

Struve, Otto, “Stellar Rotation,” Sky & Telescope 6, 3 (1946).

Struve, Otto, “The Two Fundamental Relations of Stellar Astronomy,” Sky & Telescope 8, 250 (1949).

Struve, Otto, “Progress in Radio Astronomy,” Sky & Telescope 9, 27 (1949) and 9, 55 (1950).

Struve, Otto, “Variable Stars and Stellar Evolution,” Sky & Telescope 9,131 (1950) and 9, 162 (1950).

Struve, Otto, “The Sun’s Motion Through Space,” Sky & Telescope 10, 35 (1950).

Struve, Otto, Stellar Evolution, an Exploration from the Observatory (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1950).

Struve, Otto, “What I Don’t Know About Flying Saucers,” Griffith Observer 16, 12, 138-40 (1952).

Struve, Otto, “The Place of the Amateur in Astronomy,” Griffith Observer 16, 12, ? (1952).

Struve, Otto, Beverly Lynds, & Helen Pillans, Elementary Astronomy (Oxford Univ. Press, NY, 1959).

Struve, Otto, “A Historic Debate About the Universe,” Sky & Telescope 19, 398 (1960). [in this article Struve coined the term "Astronomy’s Great Debate” for the Shapley-Curtis debate of 1920]

Struve, Otto, “The National Radio Astronomy Observatory: The Outlook in 1960,” PASP 72, 177-87 (1960).

Struve, Otto, R.M. Emberson & J.W. Findlay, “The 140-Foot Radio Telescope of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory,” PASP 72, 439-58 (1960).

Struve, Otto, “Milestones in Double Star Astronomy,” Sky & Telescope 24, 17 (1962).

Struve, Otto, “The Birth of McDonald Observatory,” Sky & Telescope 24, 316 (1962).

Struve, Otto & Velta Zebergs, Astronomy of the 20th Century (Macmillan, NY, 1962).

Struve, Otto, The Universe [Karl Compton 1959 lectures] (M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, MA, 1962).

Otto Struve

Please send comments, additions, corrections, and questions to
joe.tenn@sonoma.edu
JST
2013-10-19