Vera Rubin Bibliography

Papers, etc.

Papers from 1952-93 are in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division. There are 1989 and 1995–96 oral history interviews at the Niels Bohr Library & Archives.

Other References: Historical

Anonymous, “Astronomer Vera Rubin—The Doyenne of Dark Matter,” Discover, June 2002 [interview with Rubin].

Croswell, Ken, The Universe at Midnight: Observations Illuminating the Cosmos ( Free Press, 2001).

Hargittai, Balazs & István Hargittai, Candid Science V (Imperial College Press, London, 2005) [contains interview with Rubin].

Rubin, Vera, Interview, Astronomy, June 2003.

Rubin, Vera C., “A Brief History of Dark Matter,” in Mario Livio, ed., The Dark Universe: Matter, Energy and Gravity, Proceedings of the Space Telescope Science Institute Symposium, Held in Baltimore, Maryland, April 2-5, 2001 (Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 1-13 [excerpts].

Rubin, Vera, “Seeing Dark Matter in the Andromeda Galaxy,” Physics Today 59, 12, 8-9 (Dec 2006).

Soter, Steven & Neil deGrasse Tyson, eds. Cosmic Horizons: Astronomy at the Cutting Edge (New Press, 2000) [Excerpt on Rubin].

Trefil, James & Margaret Hindle Hazen, Good Seeing: A Century of Science at the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1902-2002 (Joseph Henry Press, Washington, DC, 2001).

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Other References: Scientific

Rubin, Vera Cooper, “Differential Rotation of the Inner Metagalaxy,” Astronomical Journal 56, 47-48 (1951).

Rubin, Vera Cooper, “Fluctuations in the Space Distribution of the Galaxies,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 40, 541-49 (1954).

Rubin, Vera C., “Structure and Evolution of the Galactic System,” Physics Today 13, 12, 32-35 (1960) [reprinted in *].

Rubin, Vera C., et al, “Kinematic Studies of Early-type Stars. I. Photometric Survey, Space Motions, and Comparison with Radio Observations,” Astronomical Journal 67, 491-531 (1962).

Burbidge, E. Margaret, G.R. Burbidge; D.J. Crampin, V.C. Rubin & K.H. Prendergast, “The Rotation and Mass of NGC 6503,” Ap.J. 139, 539-44 (1964).

Burbidge, E. Margaret, G.R. Burbidge, V.C. Rubin, & K. H. Prendergast, “Motions in Barred Spirals. VI. The Velocity Field of NGC 613,” Ap.J. 140, 85-93 (1964).

Burbidge, E Margaret, G.R. Burbidge, & Vera C. Rubin, “A Study of the Velocity Field in M82 and its Bearing on Explosive Phenomena in that Galaxy,” Ap.J. 140, 942-68 (1964).

Rubin, Vera C., “Radial Velocities of Distant OB Stars in the Anticenter Region of the Galaxy,” Ap.J. 142, 934-42 (1965).

Ford, W. Kent, Jr. & Vera C. Rubin, “Low-Dispersion Image Tube Spectra in the Red: 3C 33, 3C 48, Ton 256, and an Infrared Star,” Ap.J. 142, 1303-07 (1965).

Ford, W. Kent, Jr. & Vera C. Rubin, “Quasi-Stellar Objects with Small Redshifts: 1217+02, 3C 249.1, and 3C 263,” Ap.J. 145, 357-60 (1966).

Rubin, Vera C. & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Rotation of the Andromeda Nebula from a Spectroscopic Survey of Emission Regions,” Ap.J. 159, 379-404 (1970).

Rubin, Vera C. & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Radial Velocities and Line Strengths of Emission Lines across the Nuclear Disk of M31,” Ap.J. 170, 25-52 (1971).

Ford, W. Kent, Jr, Vera C. Rubin, & Morton S. Roberts, “A Comparison of 21-cm Radial Velocities and Optical Radial Velocities of Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal 76, 22-24 (1971).

Rubin, Vera C., C. Krishna Kumar, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Variation of Emission-Line Strengths across M31,” Ap.J. 177, 31-44 (1972).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & C. Krishna Kumar, “Stellar Motions Near the Nucleus of M31,” Ap.J. 181, 61-78 (1973).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Judith S. Rubin, “A Curious Distribution of Radial Velocities of ScI Galaxies with 14.0 ≤ m ≤ 15.0,” Ap.J. 183, L111-L115 (1973).

Warner, John W. & Vera C. Rubin, “Physical conditions and structure in NGC 7293, ‘The Helix’” Ap.J. 198, 593-603 (1975).

Rubin, Vera C., Norbert Thonnard, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Observations of NGC 6764, a Barred Seyfert Galaxy,” Ap.J. 199, 31-38 (1975).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Charles J. Peterson, “Evidence for Contraction in the Nuclear Ring of the Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 3351,” Ap.J. 199, 39-48 (1975).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., Norbert Thonnard, Morton S. Roberts, & John A. Graham, “Motion of the Galaxy and the Local Group Determined from the Velocity Anisotropy of Distant Sc I Galaxies. I. The Data Ap.J. 81, 687-718 (1976).

Rubin, Vera C., Norbert Thonnard, W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Morton S. Roberts, “Motion of the Galaxy and the Local Group Determined from the Velocity Anisotropy of Distant Sc I Galaxies. II. The Analysis for the Motion,” Astronomical Journal 81, 719-37 (1976).

Peterson, Charles J., Vera C. Rubin, W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Norbert Thonnard, “Motions of the Stars and the Excited Gas in the Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 3351,” Ap.J. 208, 662-72 (1976).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., Charles J. Peterson, & J.H. Oort, “New Observations of the NGC 1275 Phenomenon,” Ap.J. 211, 693-96 (1977).

Rubin, Vera C., Norbert Thonnard, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Extended Rotation Curves of High-luminosity Spiral Galaxies. I. The Angle between the Rotation Axis of the Nucleus and the Outer Disk of NGC 3672,” Ap.J. 217, L1-L4 (1977).

Peterson, Charles J., Vera C. Rubin, W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Norbert Thonnard, “The Velocity Field of the Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 5383,” Ap.J. 219, 31-45 (1978).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., Charles J. Peterson, & C. Roger Lynds, “A New Mapping of the Velocity Field of NGC 1275,” Ap.J. Supp. 37, 235-49 (1978).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., K.M. Strom, S.E. Strom, & W. Romanishin, “Extended Rotation Curves of High-luminosity Spiral Galaxies. II. The Anemic Sa Galaxy NGC 4378,” Ap.J. 224, 782-95 (1978).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Norbert Thonnard, “Extended Rotation Curves of High-luminosity Spiral Galaxies. IV. Systematic Dynamical Properties, SA→SC,” Ap.J. 225, L107-L111 (1978).

Thonnard, N., V.C. Rubin, W.K. Ford, Jr., & Morton S. Roberts, “Radial Velocities of Spiral Galaxies Determined from 21-cm Neutral Hydrogen Observations,” Astronomical Journal 83, 1564-65 (1978).

Peterson, Charles J., Vera C. Rubin, W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Morton S. Roberts, “Extended Rotation Curves of High-luminosity Spiral Galaxies. III. The spiral galaxy NGC 7217,” Ap.J. 226, 770-76 (1978).

Rubin, Vera C., “Galactic Dynamics,” Science 203, 43 (1979).

Rubin, Vera C., “Rotation Curves of High-luminosity Spiral Galaxies and the Rotation Curve of our Galaxy,” in The Large-scale Characteristics of the Galaxy; Proceedings of the Symposium, College Park, Md., June 12-17, 1978, IAU Symposium No. 84 (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1979), pp. 211-220.

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Morton S. Roberts, “Extended Rotation Curves of High-luminosity Spiral Galaxies. V. NGC 1961, the most massive spiral known,” Ap.J. 230, 35-39 (1979).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Norbert Thonnard, “Rotational Properties of 21 Sc Galaxies with a Large Range of Luminosities and Radii, from NGC 4605 (R = 4kpc) to UGC 2885 (R= 122kpc ),” Ap.J. 238, 471-87 (1980).

Rubin, Vera C., “Velocities and Mass Distribution in the Barred Spiral NGC 5728,” Ap.J. 238, 808-17 (1980).

Rubin, Vera C., “Stars, Galaxies, Cosmos: The Past Decade, the Next Decade,” Science 209, 64-71 (1980).

Rubin, Vera C., David Burstein, & Norbert Thonnard, “A New Relation for Estimating the Intrinsic Luminosities of Spiral Galaxies,” Ap.J. 242, L149-L152 (1980).

Burstein, David, Vera C. Rubin, Norbert Thonnard, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “The Distribution of Mass in Sc Galaxies,” Ap.J. 253, 70-85 (1982).

Rubin, Vera C., Norbert Thonnard, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “NGC 3067: Additional Evidence for Nonluminous Matter?,” Astronomical Journal 87, 477-85 (1982).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., Norbert Thonnard, & David Burstein, “Rotational Properties of 23 Sb Galaxies,” Ap.J. 261, 439-56 (1982).

Rubin, Vera C., “Systematics of H II Rotation Curves,” in Internal Kinematics and Dynamics of Galaxies; Proceedings of the Symposium, Besancon, France, August 9-13, 1982 (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1983), pp. 3-10.

Schweizer, François, Bradley C. Whitmore, & Vera C. Rubin, “Colliding and Merging Galaxies. II. S0 Galaxies with Polar Rings,” Astronomical Journal, 88, 909-25 (1983).

Rubin, Vera C., “The Rotation of Spiral Galaxies,” Science 220, 1339-44 (1983).

Rubin, Vera C. & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “The Noninteracting Spiral Pair, NGC 450/UGC 807,” Ap.J. 271, 556-63 (1982).

Rubin, Vera C., W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Bradley C. Whitmore, “Luminosity-dependent Line Ratios in Disks of Spiral Galaxies,” Ap.J. 281, L21-L24 (1984).

Whitmore, Bradley C., Vera C. Rubin, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Stellar and Gas Kinematics in Disk Galaxies,” Ap.J. 287, 66-79 (1984).

Rubin, Vera C., David Burstein, W. Kent Ford, Jr., & Norbert Thonnard, “Rotation Velocities of 16 Sa Galaxies and a Comparison of Sa, Sb, and Sc Rotation Properties,” Ap.J. 289, 81-104 (1985).

Burstein, David & Vera C. Rubin, “The Distribution of Mass in Spiral Galaxies,” Ap.J. 297, 423-35 (1985).

Rubin, V.C., “Dark Matter in the Universe,” in Highlights of Astronomy. Volume 7 - Proceedings of the Nineteenth IAU General Assembly, Delhi, India, November 19-28, 1985 (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986), pp. 27-38 [abstract].

Giovanelli, Riccardo, Martha P. Haynes, Vera C. Rubin, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “UGC 12591: The Most Rapidly Rotating Disk Galaxy,” Ap.J. 301, L7-L11 (1986).

Rubin, Vera C. & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “On the Ratio of [N II]/Hα in the Nucleus of M33 and in the Nuclei of Other Galaxies,” Ap.J. 305, L35-L37 (1986).

Rubin, Vera C., “Constraints on the Dark Matter from Optical Rotation Curves,” in J. Kormendy & G.R. Knapp, eds., Dark Matter in the Universe; Proceedings of the IAU Symposium, Princeton, NJ, June 24-28, 1985 (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1987), pp. 63-65.

Rubin, Vera C., “What's the Matter in Spiral Galaxies?” in Stuart L. Shapiro & Saul A. Teukolsky, eds., Highlights of Modern Astrophysics: Concepts and Controversies (Wiley-Interscience, NY, 1986), pp. 269ff.

Rubin, Vera C. & George V. Coyne, eds., Large-scale Motions in the Universe: A Vatican Study Week (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1988) [abstract].

Ciardullo, Robin, Vera C. Rubin, George H. Jacoby, Holland C. Ford, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “The Morphology of the Ionized Gas in M31’s Bulge,” Astronomical Journal, 95, 438-44 (1988).

Rubin, Vera C., Bradley C. Whitmore, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Rotation Curves for Spiral Galaxies in Clusters. I. Data, Global Properties, and a Comparison with Field Galaxies,” Ap.J. 333, 522-41 (1988).

Whitmore, Bradley C. , Duncan A. Forbes, & Vera C. Rubin, “Rotation Curves for Spiral Galaxies in Clusters. II. Variations as a Function of Cluster Position,” Ap.J. 333, 542-60 (1988).

Bertola, Francesco, Werner W. Zeilinger, & Vera C. Rubin, “Evidence for a Triaxial Bulge in the Spiral Galaxy NGC 4845,” Ap.J. 345, L29-L32 (1989).

Rubin, Vera C. & J.A. Graham, “High-velocity Gas Drizzle into the Disk of NGC 4258,” Ap.J. 362,L5-L8 (1990).

Rubin, Vera C., Deidre A. Hunter, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “One Galaxy from Several: The Hickson Compact Group H31,” Ap.J. 365, 86-92 (1990).

Rubin, Vera C., Deidre A. Hunter, & W. Kent Ford, Jr., “Optical Properties and Dynamics of Galaxies in the Hickson Compact Groups,” Ap.J. Supp. 76, 153-83 (1991).

Rubin, Vera C., J.A. Graham, & Jeffrey D.P. Kenney, “Cospatial Counterrotating Stellar Disks in the Virgo E7/S0 Galaxy NGC 4550,” Ap.J. 394, L9-L12 (1992).

Rubin, Vera C., “Galaxy Dynamics and the Mass Density of the Universe,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 90, 4814-21 (1993).

Rubin, Vera C., “Kinematics of NGC 4826: A Sleeping Beauty Galaxy, Not an Evil Eye,” Astronomical Journal 107, 173-83 (1994).

Rubin, Vera C., “Multi-spin Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal 108, 456-67 (1994).

Kenney, Jeffrey D.P., Vera C. Rubin, Pere Planesas, & Judith S. Young, “Gas Filaments in the Collisional Debris of NGC 4438,” Ap.J. 438, 135-54 (1995).

Rubin, Vera C., “A Century of Galaxy Spectroscopy,” Ap.J. 451, 419-28 (1995) [1995 Henry Norris Russell Lecture, reprinted in *].

Kenney, Jeffrey D.P., Rebecca A. Koopmann, Vera C. Rubin, & Judith S. Young, “Evidence for a Merger in the Peculiar Virgo Cluster Sa Galaxy NGC 4424,” Astronomical Journal 111, 152-59 (1996).

Rubin, Vera C., “What George Gamow Did not Know about the Universe,” in E. Harper, W.C. Parke, & D. Anderson, eds., George Gamow Symposium; ASP Conference Series, Vol. 129 (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, 1997), pp. 95-113.

Rubin, Vera C., Jeffrey D.P. Kenney, & Judith S. Young, “Rapidly Rotating Circumnuclear Gas Disks in Virgo Disk Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal 113, 1250-78 (1997).

Rubin, Vera C., Andrew H. Waterman, & Jeffrey D.P. Kenney, “Kinematic Disturbances in Optical Rotation Curves among 89 Virgo Disk Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal 118, 236-60 (1999).

Rubin, Vera C., “One Hundred Years of Rotating Galaxies,” PASP 112, 747-50 (2000) [Millennium Essay].

Sofue, Yoshiaki & Vera Rubin, “Rotation Curves of Spiral Galaxies,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 39, 137-74 (2001).

de Blok, W.J.G., Stacy S. McGaugh, Albert Bosma, & Vera C. Rubin, “Mass Density Profiles of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies,” Ap.J. 552, L23-L26 (2001).

McGaugh, Stacy S., Vera C. Rubin, & W.J.G. de Blok, “High-Resolution Rotation Curves of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies. I. Data,” Astronomical Journal 122, 2381-95 (2001).

de Blok, W.J.G., Stacy S. McGaugh, & Vera C. Rubin, “High-Resolution Rotation Curves of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies. II. Mass Models,” Astronomical Journal 122, 2396-2427 (2001).

Hunter, Deidre A., Vera C. Rubin, Rob A. Swaters, Linda S. Sparke, & Stephen E. Levine, “The Stellar and Gas Kinematics of Several Irregular Galaxies,” Ap.J. 580, 194-212 (2002).

Swaters, Rob A., & Vera C. Rubin, “Stellar Motions in the Polar Ring Galaxy NGC 4650A,” Ap.J. 587, L23-L26 (2003).

Hunter, Deidre A., Vera C. Rubin, Rob A. Swaters, Linda S. Sparke, & & Stephen E. Levine, “The Stellar Velocity Dispersion in the Inner 1.3 Disk Scale Lengths of the Irregular Galaxy NGC 4449,” Ap.J. 634, 281-86 (2005).

Coccato, L., R.A. Swaters, V.C. Rubin, S. D’Odorico, & S.S. McGaugh, “VIMOS-VLT Integral Field Kinematics of the Giant Low Surface Brightness Galaxy ESO 323-G064,” Astronomy and Astrophysics 490, 589-600 (2008).

Hunter, Deidre A., et al., “Star Formation in Two Luminous Spiral Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal 146, id. 92 (2013).

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Other Works: Popularizations, History, etc.

Rubin, Vera C., “Dynamics of the Andromeda Nebula,” Sci. Amer. 228, 6, 30-36 (1973) [reprinted in *].

Rubin, Vera C., “The Astrophysical Zoo - UGC 2885 - the Largest Known Spiral Galaxy,” Mercury 9, 78-79 (1980) [reprinted in *].

Rubin, Vera C., “Stars, Galaxies, Cosmos: The Past Decade, the Next Decade,” Science 209, 63-71 (1980) [reprinted in *].

Rubin, Vera C., “Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies,” Sci. Amer. 248, 6, 88-98, 101 (1983).

Rubin, Vera, “Women’s Work: Women in Modern Astronomy.” Science 86, 7, 58-65 (1986) [reprinted in *].

Rubin, Vera C., “NCG 4550: A Two-way Galaxy,” Mercury 22, 4, 109 & 126 (1993) [reprinted in *].

*Rubin, Vera C., Bright Galaxies, Dark Matters (Amer. Inst. Phys. Press, Woodbury, NY, 1997).

Rubin, Vera C., “Stars, Galaxies, Cosmos: The Past Decade, the Next Decade,” Science 209, 64-71 (1980).

Rubin, Vera C., “E. Margaret Burbidge, President-Elect,” Science 211, 915-16 (1981).

Rubin, Vera C., “The First Spectrum of M31,” Sky & Telescope 75, 4, 350 (1988)

Rubin, Vera C., “First Person Astronomy. NGC4550: A Two-Way Galaxy,” Mercury 22, (4), 109 (1993).

Rubin, Vera C., “Dark Matter in the Universe,” Sci. Am. Special Issue: Cosmos 9, 1, 106 (1998).

Rubin, Vera C., “Siting a Supernova,” Sky & Telescope 108, 3, 12 (2004)

Rubin, Vera C., “A Puzzling Polar-Ring Galaxy,” Sky & Telescope 109, 5, 26 (2005)

Rubin, Vera C., “Seeing Dark Matter in the Andromeda Galaxy,” Physics Today 59, 12, 8-9 (2006).

Rubin, Vera C., “Charlotte Moore Sitterly,” Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage 13, 145-48 (2010).

Vera Rubin


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2016-01-13