|Photo courtesy Prof. Parker|
|10 June 1927||1997 Bruce Medalist|
Gene Parker was educated at Michigan State University and the California Institute of Technology. He spent four years at the University of Utah and since 1955 has been at the University of Chicago, where he has held positions in the physics department, the astronomy and astrophysics department, and the Enrico Fermi Institute. He is currently S. Chandrasekhar Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus. His research has been largely in the broad field of astrophysical plasma dynamics. He is probably the leading authority on the solar wind, which he predicted before its discovery, and the effects of magnetic fields in the heliosphere. His work has greatly increased understanding of the solar corona, the solar wind, the magnetic fields of both earth and sun, and their complex electromagnetic interactions. He has seen spacecraft go out into the heliosphere and confirm theoretical models he developed before the space age, when observations of comet tails provided nearly all the data available. His books, especially Cosmical Magnetic Fields, have educated generations of investigators. His most recent book includes the effects of magnetic fields of planets, stars, and galaxies on X-ray emissions.
Mercury 26, 3, 6 (1997).
At University of Chicago
American Astronomical Society, Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, 1969.
American Astronomical Society Solar Physics Division, George Ellery Hale Prize, 1978.
American Geophysical Union, John Adam Fleming Medal, 1968; William Bowie Medal, 1990.
American Physical Society, James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics, 2003; APS Medal for Exceptional Achievement in Research, 2018.
Astronomische Gesellschaft, Karl Schwarzschild Medal, 1990.
Inamori Foundation, Kyoto Prize for Basic Science, 2003.
National Science Board, National Medal of Science, 1989.
Royal Astronomical Society, Chapman Medal, 1979, presented by M.J. Seaton, QJRAS 21, 73 (1980); Gold medal, 1992.
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, CCrafoord Prize, 2020.
lObservatoire de la Côte dAzur, ADION medal, 1999, presented by Annick Pouquet-Davis.
American Geophysical Union
Indian Institute of Astrophysics
AIP Center for History of Physics
University of Chicago
University of Chicago Chronicle, 22, 19 (2003).
American Geophysical Union, Eugene Parker Lecture
Minor Planet #11756 Geneparker
Parker Solar Probe
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